Journal of Physical Activity and Sports (JPAS)
General Organization of the Paper ¬ 12pt, Times New Roman bold
Double-Blind Peer Review Guidelines
This journal ensures double-blind review for every submitted manuscript. It means that in the review process, this journal conceals both the identity of reviewer and author and vice versa.
Information to help prepare the Title Page
This should include the title, authors' names and affiliations, and a complete address for the corresponding author including telephone and e-mail address. The title of the paper should be written in Arial, 16pt, Bold, Justify, capitalize each word, and align left).
Information to help prepare the Blinded Manuscript
Besides the obvious need to remove names and affiliations under the title within the manuscript, there are other steps that need to be taken to ensure the manuscript is correctly prepared for double-blind peer review. To assist with this process the key items that need to be observed are as follows:
- Use the third person to refer to work the Authors have previously undertaken, e.g. replace any phrases like “as we have shown before” with “… has been shown before [Anonymous, 2007]” .
- Make sure figures do not contain any affiliation related identifier
- Do not eliminate essential self-references or other references but limit self-references only to papers that are relevant for those reviewing the submitted paper.
- Cite papers published by the Author in the text as follows: ‘[Anonymous, 2007]’.
- For blinding in the reference list: ‘[Anonymous 2007] Details omitted for double-blind reviewing.’
- Remove references to funding sources
- Do not include acknowledgments
- Remove any identifying information, including author names, from file names and ensure document properties are also anonymzed.
The paper will be published in Journal of Physical Activity and Sports (JPAS) after peer-reviewed process and decided “Accepted” by Editor. The final paper layout will be reproduced by Editorial Office of Journal of Physical Activity and Sports (JPAS). The final paper layout in PDF type, known as “Uncorrected Proof” should be corrected by Author. The final corrected proof will be published first in “Article In Press” pre-issue.
According to Engelmore and Morgan , manuscript content should, in general, be organized in the following order: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; and References. Manuscript document submitted to this journal (in one MS Word or PDF file) should be arranged as follow:
- a) Body text of manuscript article (from Title to References, without tables and figures)
- b) Figure Captions and Table Captions
- c) Figures (one figure per page)
- d) Tables (one table per page)
Three levels of heading are allowed as follows:
- Level 1 (Heading1 format) - 12pt, Times bold, left justified
- Level 2 (Heading2 format) - 12pt, Times bold, left justified
- Level 3 (Heading3 format) - 12pt, Times bold italic, left justified
The body of the text is a set of body text paragraphs defined as follows:
- 12pt Times New Roman
- One-half space, defined as 12pt
- Spacing after the heading is 3pt
- Spacing before the new heading is 12pt
- Indentation for the first line is 1 cm.
Bullet and numbering within body text are not allowed. All sentences should be typed as descriptive paragraph format.
Tables are sequentially numbered with the table title and number above the table. Tables should be centered in the column OR on the page. Tables should be followed by a line space (12pt). Elements of a table should be single-spaced, however double spacing can be used to show groupings of data or to separate parts within the table. Table headings should be in 10pt bold. Tables are referred in the text by the table number. eg: Table 1. Do not show vertical line in the table. There is only horizontal line should be shown within the table.
Figures are sequentially numbered commencing at 1 with the figure title and number below the figure as shown in Figure 1. Detailed recommendations for figures are as follows:
- Ensure that figures are clear and legible with typed letterings.
- Black & white or colored figures are allowed.
- If a figure spans two columns, it should be placed at the top or bottom of a page.
- Hard copy illustrations should, preferably, be scanned and included in the electronic version of the submission in an appropriate format as follows:
- BMP - Microsoft bitmap file
- WMF - Windows Metafile Format
- EPS - Encapsulated Postscript
- If figures cannot be scanned, the original should be placed in its location within the manuscript using wax or colorless glue.
- The following files are permissible:
- Microsoft Graph
- Microsoft Draw
Figure 1 shows an included Microsoft Draw object.
Results and Discussion
Manuscript Heading, Font, and Spacing ¬ 12pt, Times New Roman italics
Manuscript should be typed using word processors (Microsoft Word or Open Office) software. The font used throughout the paper is Times New Roman. The paper size is A4 (i.e., 210 x 297 mm), Lines are one-half spaced, justified. Page numbers should be included in the text located in footer section of each page.
Manuscript submitted to this journal should follow the heading below, except for the review article: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Methods; Results & Discussion; Conclusions; and References.
This is your opportunity to attract the reader’s attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations. The title of the paper should be in 12 pt bold Arial.
Authors Name and Affiliations
Write Author(s) names without title and professional positions such as Prof, Dr, Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names. Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes: name of department/unit, (faculty), name of university, address, country.
Author names should be in 12 pt Arial bold. Author affiliations should be in 12 pt Arial.
Abstract and Keywords
Abstract should stand alone, means that no citation in abstract. Consider it the advertisement of your article. Abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. The abstract should be in one paragraph. The font is Times New Roman, 12 pt, italic, and justify. Abstract is in 200-250 words, which is followed by 3-5 keywords. The abstract should succinctly describe your entire paper. It comprises of the purposes of the research, method, and the findings of the research. Keywords are the labels of your manuscript and critical to correct indexing and searching. Therefore, the keywords should represent the content and highlight of your article.Use only those abbreviations that are firmly established in the field. Each words/phrase in keyword should be separated by a semicolon (;), not a comma (,).
In Introduction, Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of introduction section. Before the objective, Authors should provide an adequate background, and very short literature survey in order to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researches, to show the main limitation of the previous researches, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Do not describe literature survey as author by author, but should be presented as group per method or topic reviewed which refers to some literature.
This section discusses the purposes of the study or research problems, the contribution to knowledge, and research gap. Please state them clearly in the beginning paragraph supported by related theories in the next paragraphs. INTRODUCTION to CONCLUSION should be 4.000 – 5.250 words.
Materials and methods should make readers be able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods.
This section explains the rationale for the application of specific approaches, methods, procedures or techniques used to identify, select, and analyze information applied to understand the research problem/project, thereby, allowing the readers to critically evaluate your project’s/study's overall validity and reliability.
Results and Discussion
Results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than providing data in great detail. Please highlight differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers. The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The discussion is written to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the issues being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or insights about the problem after you have taken the findings into consideration. It should connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the introduction; this section should always explain how your study has moved the reader's understanding of the research problem forward from where you left them at the end of the introduction.
The research findings in the form of research data are further discussed or critically interpreted with particular relevant theoretical approach. Data can also be supported with the presentation of tables, images, etc. Captions for table is written above it with sequenced numbering so that it can be easily referred to, though not put under the pointing sentence/ paragraph. Line (border) to the table is made minimalist by eliminating the vertical lines and leaving horizontal lines deemed necessary. Captions for images are placed below the picture, also with providing sequenced numbering. One page only accommodates a table or an image with a maximum of two-thirds the size of the page (size adjusted as efficiently as possible).
In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results). The following components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?
Conclusions should only answer the objectives of research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are underway.
Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self?citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (authors name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number). Please use Reference Manager Applications like EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc. Use other published articles in the same journal as models.
REFERENCES ? 12pt, Times bold (should use APA 6th referencing style. (Examples are available on: Example of APA 6th Edition)(References Should be Typed in Alphabetical Order, Times New Roman Font size of heading 12, 1,5 spaced and the minimum requirement is 20 references and it is suggested to use reference software like Mendeley or Zotero)
Gore, A. (2006). An inconvenient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what we can do about it. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.
Michaels, P. J., & Balling, R. C., Jr. (2000).The satanic gases: Clearing the air about global warming. Washington, DC: Cato Institute.
New York State Department of Health. (2002). After a sexual assault. [Brochure]. Albany, NY: Author.
Environmental resource handbook. (2001). Millerton, NY: Grey House.